Non-legal Research and Resources
A Glimpse of Gleaning at Seattle Farmers Markets, A Guide of Best Practices & Creative Ways Hunger Relief Programs Can Access Farmers Markets
This guide focuses on the gleaning process between farmers markets and hunger relief organizations. It illustrates creative ways that hunger relief programs have utilized farmers markets, describes current challenges to this process, and highlights resources to help create stronger gleaning programs. Cite: Emma Kent, A Glimpse of Gleaning at Seattle Farmers Markets, A Guide of Best Practices & Creative Ways Hunger Relief Programs Can Access Farmers Markets, Jewish Family Service, Meals Partnership Coalition, & Rotary First Harvest (2010).
A Public-Private Initiative to Reduce Food Waste: A Framework for Local Communities
This paper provides background information on hunger in the U.S. and suggests public/private initiatives and stakeholder management can build successful initiatives to reduce food waste. It includes a discussion of liability concerns associated with gleaning. Cite: Steven M. Finn, A Public-Private Initiative to Reduce Food Waste: A Framework for Local Communities, Graduate Studies Journal of Organizational Dynamics, 1:1 (2011).
Beyond Bread: Healthy Food Sourcing in Emergency Food Programs
This guide includes an extensive chapter on gleaning that addresses how to lay the groundwork to begin a gleaning program, information about engaging and managing volunteer gleaners, as well as descriptions of organizations that can serve as resources. Cite: Jessica Powers, Theresa Snow, Suzanne Babb, Beyond Bread: Healthy Food Sourcing in Emergency Food Programs, WhyHunger (June 26 2014).
Create a Food Rescue Program in Your Community
This guidebook walks through the steps of starting a bike-powered food rescue to help individuals or groups get started in the process. Cite: Hana Dansky, et al., Create a Food Rescue Program in Your Community, Boulder Food Rescue (2012).
CropMobster: Community Exchange
An online hub where users can post or search for gleaning events, available surplus foods, donations, events, available land, employment opportunities and more.
Food Donation: A Restaurateur’s Guide
This guidebook describes how to efficiently donate excess food from a restaurant to a local food donation program to help solve chronic hunger in the U.S. Cite: Ann Walsh Featsent, Food Donation: A Restaurateur’s Guide, National Restaurant Association (1997).
Food Relief Goes Local: Gardening, Gleaning and Farming for Food Banks in the U.S.
This report presents an analysis of food banks' involvement in local agriculture in the United States. It includes a section on gleaning with several case studies to demonstrate the relationships between food banks and gleaning organizations. Cite: Domenic Vitiello et al., Food Relief Goes Local: Gardening, Gleaning and Farming for Food Banks in the U.S., The Penn Center for Public Health Initiatives (2013).
Food Rescue Locator
An program of Sustainable America, the Food Rescue Locator provides information on food rescue organizations across the country. Users can access an organization's contact info and location, hours of operation, recipient organizations, and more.
Garden Gleaning: A Toolkit for Growers and Food Shelves
Provides information for food shelves and growers on how to incorporate gleaning into their work, best practices for the safe handling of foods, and addresses liability associated with donating or accepting gleaned foods. Cite: Garden Gleaning Collaboration, Garden Gleaning: A Toolkit for Growers and Food Shelves (2013).
This guide provides basic information and facts about hunger in the United States, rules and tips for successful gleaning, and a sample gleaner information and liability form. Cite: Society of St. Andrew, Gleaner's Handbook (2012).
Growing Connections: A Resource for Farm-to-Food Bank Strategies
A report written for the Northwest Harvest food bank. The guide serves "food programs looking to support procurement efforts through farm-to-food bank strategies, including guides for building farmer relationships, marketing farm-to family programs, farmers market or farm stand gleaning and direct purchasing from farmers." Cite: Kara Martin and Tammy Morales, Urban Food Link, for Northwest Harvest (2014).
Guide to Starting a FoodPool
This resource provides steps and suggestions for individuals and groups hoping to create a FoodPool and provides a discussion of some of the liability concerns surrounding gleaning. Cite: Andrew Sigal, Guide to Starting a FoodPool, FoodPool (Oct. 18, 2013).
Healthy Food Bank Hub
This hub is a project and platform created in partnership with Feeding America and network food banks, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the National Dairy Council. The hub provides relevant tools and resources, highlights existing best practices and nutrition initiatives, and encourages fighting hunger while promoting health.
Increasing Food Recovery From Farmers’ Markets: A Preliminary Analysis
This report uses GIS mapping and analysis to establish areas where there are large numbers of farmers' markets and food recovery organizations. The report finds there are opportunities for improved coordination between markets and recovery organizations and includes an appendix with listings of the 28 food organizations with the highest concentrations of farmers markets within a certain radius as well as contact information for the individual farmers markets. Cite: U.S. Dept. Agric. Economic Research Service, FANRR-4, Increasing Food Recovery From Farmers’ Markets: A Preliminary Analysis (2000).
A toolkit created by the USDA that includes resources, information and steps for starting a gleaning project or organization. Cite: U.S. Dept. Agric., Let's Glean! United We Serve Toolkit (2010).
Reducing Food Loss and Waste
This working paper considers food loss and waste by global region through stages of the value chain and maps possible solutions, such as improving food expiration dates and incentivizing food crop donations. The paper also includes case studies highlighting potential methods of storing and transporting surplus crops. Cite: B. Lipinski, et al., Reducing Food Loss and Waste, World Resources Institute (May 2013).
Understanding the Sustainability of Retail Food Recovery
This paper uses an empirical model to consider the sustainability of food recovery operations and includes findings and recommendations. Cite: Caleb Phillips, et al., Understanding the Sustainability of Retail Food Recovery, PLOS One (Oct. 10 2013).
Waste Not, Want Not: Feeding the Hungry and Reducing Solid Waste Through Food Recovery
This EPA-produced guide is intended for states, municipalities and businesses interested in reducing their solid waste through food donation or other methods, such as food recycling or composting. The guide also provides information on working with food recovery organizations, liability and safety concerns associated with food donation, and provides lists of Good Samaritan laws and food recovery organizations by state. Cite: Environmental Protection Agency, Waste Not, Want Not: Feeding the Hungry and Reducing Solid Waste Through Food Recovery, EPA-A530-R-99-040.
Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill
This issue paper discusses food loss in the national food chain from farm to household disposal, and offers solutions for businesses, government, consumers, and the supply chain to reduce loss. Cite: Dana Gunders, Wasted: How America Is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill, National Resources Defense Council (Aug. 2012).
USDA Risk Management Agency Fact Sheet on Gleaning: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
This fact sheet explains defines gleaning, acceptable charitable organizations, and additional resources for crop insurance holders as part of the USDA’s support for gleaning of federally insured crops. Cite: Gleaning: U.S. Dep't Agric. Risk Mgmt. Agency, Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington: 2009 Insurance Fact Sheet (July 2008).
In partnership with Village Harvest and GleanSLO, Community Jam is a northern California harvester and gleaner conference held semi-annually in the San Jose, CA area. The website allows users to suggest conference sessions and review past sessions.
Region: Western State: California
Gleaning Stories, Gleaning Change
A radio and web project on gleaning that broadcasts stories from the fields and hosts a photo gallery of gleaners in action.
Region: Western State: California
Food Rescue Robot
Developed by volunteers at the Boulder Food Rescue and now widely available, the Robot is a web app for scheduling, tracking and routing "just-in-time" food rescue. The app uses "love, community and bicycles "to battle food insecurity.
Region: National State: Colorado
Food Waste and Recovery: Gleaning Crops From Local Farms
Resource prepared by the State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environment. Provides background on the history of gleaning and its role in managing food waste and links to resources for volunteers and farmers.
Region: Northeast State: Connecticut
Cultivate Iowa: A Guide for Growing Healthier Iowans, Organizations and Communities Through Food Gardening and Produce Donation
This Iowa-specific guide encourages food gardening and donation and highlights strategies to reduce food insecurity at the individual, community and policy levels. Cite: Iowa Food Access and Health Work Group, Cultivate Iowa: A Guide for Growing Healthier Iowans, Organizations and Communities Through Food Gardening and Produce Donation, Iowa Food Systems Council (Nov. 2014).
Region: Mountain State: Iowa
Healthy Food, Healthy Iowans, Healthy Communities: Public Health Tools to Advance Healthy, Sustainable Food Systems, Part 1: Community Food Systems: A Primer for Local Public Health Agencies
This Iowa-specific guide connects food systems with issues of public health, drawing clear parallels between human health and environmental stressors, nutritional intake, and other aspects of the total food system. Cite: Angie Tagtow, Healthy Food, Healthy Iowans, Healthy Communities: Public Health Tools to Advance Healthy, Sustainable Food Systems, Part 1: Community Food Systems: A Primer for Local Public Health Agencies, Iowa Dept. of Public Health (June 2014).
Region: Mountain State: Iowa
Reducing food waste has economic, environmental and social benefits
This article provides a brief background on the issue of food waste in the U.S. and identifies gleaning and food recovery as methods to capturing surplus food. Notes that the Good Samaritan Act was enacted to address liability associated with food donation and provides resources from the USDA and EPA. Cite: Randy Bell, Reducing food waste has economic, environmental and social benefits, Michigan State University Extension (Mar. 27, 2012).
Region: National State: Michigan
The Community Kitchen: Business Case for Gleaning
A case study focused on gleaning as a means by which the Community Kitchen in Keene, NH can meet demand for fresh produce and remain viable long term. Cite: Laurie Caldwell, Paul Farella, and Geoff Riggs, The Community Kitchen: Business Case for Gleaning, Antioch University (2011).
Region: Northeast State: New Hampshire
Community Food Hubs: Community Food Security and Economic Development
This report discusses gleaning in the context of food hubs, community economic development, and food security in New Jersey. It provides some examples of gleaning activities taking place in different parts of the state. Cite: Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University (May 2012).
Region: Mid-Atlantic State: New York
The Student Guide to Gleaning: Fresh Fruits and Vegetables in New York State
Created by the Hunger Action Network of New York State, this guide provides examples of gleaning projects, information about how to identify potential farms and approach them, which crops to select, how to properly and safely transport and handle food, and where to donate it. Cite: Hunger Action Network of New York, The Student Guide to Gleaning Fresh Fruits and Vegetables in New York State (2004).
Region: Northeast State: New York
Food for Oregon
Managed by Oregon State University Extension Service, this online tool allows the user to search for community food programs throughout the state, such as gleaning, nutrition, and community gardens and kitchens. Users can also narrow their search by county, organization name, city and zip code.
Region: Western State: Oregon
High Desert Food and Farm Alliance
This online Donation Database helps users identify hunger relief nonprofits near their location that accept food donations. The website includes information on liability and information for food donors.
Region: Western State: Oregon
Garden Writers Association
This organization sponsors Plant A Row for the Hungry (PAR), which encourages growers of all sizes to plant crops specifically for donation. The website includes information for those who would like to start a PAR campaign.
Region: National State: Texas
Gleaning: Capturing Surplus to Meet Local Needs
This article includes a brief overview of the amount of healthy food crops grown each year that are wasted and profiles a handful of Vermont gleaning organizations working to recover wasted food and food crops. Cite: Corinne Almquist, Communities and Banking: Gleaning: Capturing Surplus to Meet Local Needs, FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON, (2012).
Waste Not: Breaking Down The Food Equation
A film by Pacific Lutheran University's Metalab in Tacoma, WA. The film addresses the issues of food waste.
Region: National State: Washington
Food Waste Reduction and Gleaning
This webpage developed by WSU Extension explains how and why to get involved in food waste reduction and gleaning opportunities around Clallam County, Washington.
Region: Western State: Washington