Farmland Tenure Online Resources Guide
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Financing

Connecticut

Connecticut Business Management Guide
Created By: University of Connecticut, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Cooperative Extension System
Description:
This guide has chapters discussing how to choose which legal form to use to operate a farm, how to obtain financing, farm related tax rules, and the insurance issues inherent in managing a farm in Connecticut.


Maine

Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Overview
Created By: State of Maine
Description:
This link allows individuals to view state local laws and ordinances.  This would be helpful for individuals seeking information on agricultural compliance, farmland protection, grants and loans and farmland preservation ordinances.


Massachusetts

Criteria for Agriculture Grants
Created By: The Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture
Description:
This resource discusses the availability of grants to promote economically and environmentally sound agriculture in Massachusetts.


Farm Viability Enhancement Program
Created By: Massachusetts Department of Energy and Environmental Affairs
Description:
This link discusses the Farm Viability Enhancement Program, which seeks to improve the economic viability and environmental integrity of participating farms through the development and implementation of farm viability plans.


General Laws for Massachusetts Agriculture
Created By: The Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment
Description:
This website provides users with a directory for where to seek out the state statutes governing agricultural policy.  There are also resources for new and veteran farmers on issues such as how to access land, farm business planning, financing options for beginning a farm, information on taxes and crop insurance and regulations concerning water and pesticide use.  


Massachusetts Agricultural Grants & Loans
Created By: Massachusetts Department of Energy and Environmental Affairs
Description:
This resource describes the different types of funding that the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs makes available to support agricultural operations.


National

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center
Created By: The United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Library
Description:
This link provides a general overview of grants and loans available to farmers in the United States.


Farmers’ Legal Action Group
Created By: Farmers’ Legal Action Group (FLAG)
Description:
The Farmers’ Legal Action Group (FLAG) nonprofit law center is dedicated to providing legal services and support to family farmers and their communities in order to help keep family farmers on the land.  Their website contains a page devoted to estate planning, which provides farmers with tools and information to manage their debt as they prepare to transfer ownership of their farms.  The page also provides a glossary of estate terms. 


Farmland Information Center
Created By: Farmland Information Center (FIC)
Description:
The Farmland Information Center (FIC) is a partnership between the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and American Farmland Trust (AFT) and is authorized by the federal Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA).  FIC’s website provides information about farmland protection and stewardship.  It contains an online toolbox of resources for beginning farmers, which contains information on how to obtain loans and grants, pertinent tax information and sample lease documents among other resources.  The website also contains a downloadable guide titled “Cultivating the Next Generation: Resources and Policies to Help Beginning Farmers Succeed in Agriculture.” 


Financing and Planning for a Farm Business
Created By: Beginning Farmers
Description:
This website provides information concerning financing new farm ventures through loans and grants.  It also contains information on finding farmland and starting and managing a farm.


Financing Opportunities for New Farmers
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency
Description:
This website contains an interactive map through which farm seekers can access state-specific information on real estate loans and other financing mechanisms for beginning farmers.


National Agricultural Law Center
Created By: National Agricultural Law Center
Description:
The National Agricultural Law Center’s website allows users to search by topic and provides resources on agricultural leases, financing and credit, estate planning and taxation and landowner liability, in addition to providing links to applicable state and federal laws pertinent to these topics. 


New Farmer Tutorial and Resources for Current Farmers
Created By: National Agricultural Library
Description:
This website contains a tutorial designed to provide farmers or farm seekers the opportunity to learn about how to start and manage their own farms.  It also contains resources for current farmers and ranchers, and provides networking opportunities so that beginner and veteran farmers can connect with each other.


New England

Farmers’ Legal Action Group
Created By: Farmers’ Legal Action Group (FLAG)
Description:
The Farmers’ Legal Action Group (FLAG) nonprofit law center is dedicated to providing legal services and support to family farmers and their communities in order to help keep family farmers on the land.  Their website contains a page devoted to estate planning, which provides farmers with tools and information to manage their debt as they prepare to transfer ownership of their farms.  The page also provides a glossary of estate terms. 


Farmland Information Center
Created By: Farmland Information Center (FIC)
Description:
The Farmland Information Center (FIC) is a partnership between the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and American Farmland Trust (AFT) and is authorized by the federal Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA).  FIC’s website provides information about farmland protection and stewardship.  It contains an online toolbox of resources for beginning farmers, which contains information on how to obtain loans and grants, pertinent tax information and sample lease documents among other resources.  The website also contains a downloadable guide titled “Cultivating the Next Generation: Resources and Policies to Help Beginning Farmers Succeed in Agriculture.” 


Financial Assistance in Rhode Island
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency
Description:
This page contains information regarding Rhode Island’s Farm Loan Programs, as well as Conservation Programs and Disaster Assistance Programs. 


General Laws for Massachusetts Agriculture
Created By: The Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment
Description:
This website provides users with a directory for where to seek out the state statutes governing agricultural policy.  There are also resources for new and veteran farmers on issues such as how to access land, farm business planning, financing options for beginning a farm, information on taxes and crop insurance and regulations concerning water and pesticide use.  


How to Determine the Right Farm Rental Rate
Created By: UVM Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Description:
This resource is intended to guide owners and tenants through the process of determining a fair cash rental rate for farmland, equipment, and infrastructure in Vermont.  The guide consists of five chapters and includes: Assessing Market Rental Rates, Assessing Landowner’s Costs of Owning Land, How To Value Equipment and Infrastructure in a Lease, How To Factor in the Farm Business’ Net Returns and How to Assess the Farmer’s Contributions to the Lease Arrangement. 


Land Access and Tenure Toolshed
Created By: Vermont New Farmer Project
Description:
This page of the New Farmer Project website contains articles, fact sheets, tools, links, and other resources related to farmland access and tenure (farm prospecting, farmland purchase and leasing [including alternative tenure options], land stewardship and land use regulations), as well as how to finance a farm purchase.  


National Agricultural Law Center
Created By: National Agricultural Law Center
Description:
The National Agricultural Law Center’s website allows users to search by topic and provides resources on agricultural leases, financing and credit, estate planning and taxation and landowner liability, in addition to providing links to applicable state and federal laws pertinent to these topics. 


New Hampshire Department of Agriculture
Created By: New Hampshire Department of Agriculture
Description:
This is where farm seekers, consumers, or licensees can start to learn about agriculture policy in New Hampshire and how to manage their current enterprise or start a new one.  The site contains links to pertinent agricultural rules in the state, as well as crop insurance, grants, applicable tax provisions, and guidelines for selling various crops. 


New Hampshire Rural Development
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture, Rural Development
Description:
This resource provides an opportunity for New Hampshire/Vermont residents to learn about the different loans and grants available to them to assist in their farm and business planning efforts. 


Northeast Organic Farming Association of New Hampshire (NOFA-NH)
Created By: NOFA-NH
Description:
This page contains information on New Hampshire’s Beginning Farmer’s Program (including scholarship information), the Mentorship and Journeyman Programs and how to become a certified organic farmer.  


Resource Guide for Vermont’s New and Aspiring Farmers
Created By: Vermont New Farmers Network
Description:
This resource describes the various challenges new farmers face, including gaining access to land and access to capital.  It also provides a list of organizations that new farmers could contact for further support and additional information.


Sustainable Farming in New England
Created By: American Farmland Trust, Conservation Law Foundation, and Northeast Sustainable Agricultural Working Group.
Description:
This resource is a guide for building sustainable agriculture across New England with information on both rural farming and urban agriculture.


New Hampshire

New Hampshire Department of Agriculture
Created By: New Hampshire Department of Agriculture
Description:
This is where farm seekers, consumers, or licensees can start to learn about agriculture policy in New Hampshire and how to manage their current enterprise or start a new one.  The site contains links to pertinent agricultural rules in the state, as well as crop insurance, grants, applicable tax provisions, and guidelines for selling various crops. 


New Hampshire Rural Development
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture, Rural Development
Description:
This resource provides an opportunity for New Hampshire/Vermont residents to learn about the different loans and grants available to them to assist in their farm and business planning efforts. 


Northeast Organic Farming Association of New Hampshire (NOFA-NH)
Created By: NOFA-NH
Description:
This page contains information on New Hampshire’s Beginning Farmer’s Program (including scholarship information), the Mentorship and Journeyman Programs and how to become a certified organic farmer.  


Rhode Island

Financial Assistance in Rhode Island
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency
Description:
This page contains information regarding Rhode Island’s Farm Loan Programs, as well as Conservation Programs and Disaster Assistance Programs. 


Vermont

How to Determine the Right Farm Rental Rate
Created By: UVM Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Description:
This resource is intended to guide owners and tenants through the process of determining a fair cash rental rate for farmland, equipment, and infrastructure in Vermont.  The guide consists of five chapters and includes: Assessing Market Rental Rates, Assessing Landowner’s Costs of Owning Land, How To Value Equipment and Infrastructure in a Lease, How To Factor in the Farm Business’ Net Returns and How to Assess the Farmer’s Contributions to the Lease Arrangement. 


Land Access and Tenure Toolshed
Created By: Vermont New Farmer Project
Description:
This page of the New Farmer Project website contains articles, fact sheets, tools, links, and other resources related to farmland access and tenure (farm prospecting, farmland purchase and leasing [including alternative tenure options], land stewardship and land use regulations), as well as how to finance a farm purchase.  


Resource Guide for Vermont’s New and Aspiring Farmers
Created By: Vermont New Farmers Network
Description:
This resource describes the various challenges new farmers face, including gaining access to land and access to capital.  It also provides a list of organizations that new farmers could contact for further support and additional information.


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Disclaimer
The Center for Food and Agriculture Systems is an initiative of Vermont Law School. The content provided on this site is for general educational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal advice. If users have questions regarding the topics discussed herein, they should consult an attorney. This webpage should not be construed as creating an attorney-client relationship. The information provided on or by this webpage is not – and is not intended to be – a substitute for their potential need to consult with a competent attorney licensed to practice law in the appropriate jurisdiction. We disclaim any responsibility for any particular matter that affects a user’s specific situation. While efforts will be made to maintain and update the resources contained on the webpage, no warranty or other guarantee is made with respect to the timeliness or accuracy of any information provided on or by the webpage.